The archaeological site of Lattes (ancient Lattara, founded in the second half of the VI c. BC) is situated on a coastal lake, two kilometers from the Mediterranean. The city, influenced greatly by both the Etruscans and the Greeks, was vital through the Roman Era until the end of the II c.
Labeled as an "Archaeological Site of National Interest" since 1995, Lattes has been the subject of organized excavations since 1983 (cf. Gallia, 50, 1993, pp. 1-94).
THE INTERNATIONAL ARCHEOLOGY SCHOOL IN LATTES
The school was created in 1986 through an initiative from the Sub-Department of Archaeology (Ministry of Culture). It is run by the Union of Archaeological Research and Excavation in Lattes, under the direction of Pierre Garmy (designated "conservateur du patrimoine") and Eric Gailledrat (in charge of research at the CNRS). The school provides practical training for future professionals in the field of archaeology : real experience in the field, a focus on methodical practices, and improvement of research techniques and data analysis.
CERTIFIED TRAINING FOR STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND CURATORS
This training session is geared towards students studying ancient history and archaeology, as well as students in Master’s of archaeology and/or museum studies programs who want a little active archaeological experience. Future researchers, lab technicians, teachers, and curators may also be interested. Each year the school welcomes several dozen students during its two excavation sessions organized at the site. The concentration of the workshop is closely linked to the procedure of a large-site excavation: organization of a dig in an urban context, techniques for recording data and archaeological data analysis, study of the paleo-environment, processing and recording of furnishings, and data synthesis. The school uses both theory and practical application, which allows students to improve their knowledge and experience in diverse ways, led by a multidiscipline team present in the field. In addition to practical application and activities in the field, students participate in seminars on larger themes, given by specialists.
FIELD AND LABORATORY WORK
Field workers are divided into multiple teams and placed in sections of the Lattara site: relief drawings and photography, specimen removal, application of the recording system SYSLAT… Laboratory work is led by the UMR 5140 of the CNRS. The lab serves to process furnishings, classify, perform typology, and process environmental finds.
Trainees can attend workshops that treat different techniques for processing archaeological data : recording and stratography (SYSLAT), archaeozoology, spermology, anthracology, ceramology, ichthyology, conservation and maintenance of pieces, etc...